1.2 Forecasting indicators of the education system of Ukraine

Forecasting is a powerful management tool in any socio-economic system. An important component of such systems is the education system, which makes forecasting indicators of its development an important area of management at the micro-, meso- and macro- levels.

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2.1 Quantitative analysis of vacancies by specialties and educational programs in the regional labor market

The section provides a quantitative analysis of the labor market in terms of groups of specialties and educational programs. A quantitative assessment of the compliance of the popularity of entrants in specialties and educational programs to the demands of the labor market.

A quantitative analysis of employers’ requirements for candidates for a job, the availability of higher education and work experience. The demand of employers for soft Skills job seekers and professional competencies in terms of specialty groups is estimated by employers. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the structure of the labor market has been studied.

Clustering of specialties and educational programs according to the criterion of similarity of demand for personal and professional competencies.

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2.2 Evaluation of the popularity of groups of specialties and educational programs

Component 2 – university entrants described as Ai{a, b, c, d, e, f} and its graduates with a description in the form of Si{a, b, c, d, e, f} with the following parameters: a – education; b – work experience; c – specialty (educational program); d – professional competencies; e – personal competencies, including soft skills; f – wishes of the applicant.

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2.3 Clustering of groups of specialties and educational programs according to the criterion of similarity of required competencies

Component 4, these are employed professionals, including the self-employed, but who are trying on vacancies in the labor market. They are described as Pi{a, b, c, d, e, f}.

It is important for employed professionals to understand the professional and personal competencies required in job advertisements. These specialists are already employed, so it is important for them not just to find a job, but to improve their material support and find more opportunities for self-expression of the already acquired personal and professional competencies. In this context, it is important to cluster specialties, educational programs on the basis of common competencies. No less important is the interpretation of the content of competencies that describe a vacancy in the ads.

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