4.2 Problems of formation and use of the special fund of the Budget by institutions of higher education of Ukraine

For reference: in the past, in 2020, according to the Kharkiv HEIs, the indicative tuition fee ranged between UAH 14,000 up to UAH 29,000.

Thus, the problem of combating the establishment of dumped prices is not completely solved, although the range of HEIs that have the ability to do so has decreased.

As a proposal to improve the Resolution, it is proposed, for example, to set the indicative cost of training not less than the weighted average for each specialty in all HEIs of the region for the previous year. This approach will not only keep the price level much higher than before the adoption of the Resolution, but also ensure its annual growth.

Another source of filling the special fund of the university is the payment of applicants for living in a dormitory. However, for almost ten years, the unprofitable maintenance of hostels has only increased.

There is a vicious circle in this area, because, on the one hand, according to current legislation, they must be funded by applicants for their bed, and on the other – the amount of student hostel fees is limited to 40 % of the academic scholarship.

In 2020, the upper limit of payment for one bed was UAH 520 per month. While the actual costs, for example, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics according to the calculation ranged from 600 to 1,200 UAH. Depending on the month of the year and the characteristics of the hostel.

In order to pay for utilities and pay salaries in 2020, according to the staff list in all seven hostels, the university management had to compensate the difference of UAH 7 million from the part of the special fund formed to pay students for tuition. A similar problem is typical for most domestic HEIs that have hostels for their students.

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