3.3 The problem of selection for training in the HEI and the implementation of the state order

In 2020, 61 HEIs received this order for the training of bachelors on the basis of complete general secondary education (59 HEIs – 2019). Of these, 24 HEIs recruited less than 10 people according to the formula «budget+contract» (in 2019 23 HEIs). 97 students study in such HEIs by state order (in 2019 – 91 students). On the average 4 persons on one HEI each year!

Thus, in 2020, 7.5 % (97/1,298) of students by state order study in small groups, and in 2019 9 % (91/1,115).

State orders on the basis of a junior specialist were received in 2020 by 68 HEIs (in 2019 – 66 HEIs), of which 22 HEIs were scored less than 10 according to the formula «budget+contract» (in 2019 18 HEIs). 105 students study in such HEIs by state order (169 students in 2019), or on average 6.8 people per one HEI in two years! This means that 12 % (274/2,465) of students by state order study in such small groups.

A total of 452 white students in this specialty were admitted to study in the HEIs, which have an average of 4–7 people by state order. The worst thing is that these HEIs do not have such authority in training specialists in this specialty to recruit students on a contractual basis to fill an academic group of up to 25 people.

There is a rhetorical question about the quality of training of engineers in such HEIs. Funding from the general and special fund for such a large number of students will not be enough not only to upgrade the laboratory base and utilities for its maintenance, but also for the salaries of teachers and engineering staff.

In practice, the educational process for the formation of professional competencies is at best reduced to excursions to specialized enterprises and lectures on streams where students of different specialties are reduced.

At first glance, four and a half hundred unprepared students with state diplomas nationwide is not a big deal. Employers will give them an assessment. However, even in these 11 specialties, which are presented in Table 3.10, the total number of such lost professionals in two years is 2,856 people (amounts in columns 10 and 13 of Table 3.10). This is 17 % of the total number of persons under the state order 17,663 (the amount in column 6 of Table 3.10).

In other words, about 17 % of the funds of the general fund of the Budget, which were spent on government orders in 2020 and 2019 only in these specialties were used extremely inefficiently.

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