3.2 Definition of cognitive-intellectual and creative portrait of a student

The structure of students’ cognitive intelligence allows them to master at a high level the necessary amount of knowledge needed to master the specialties of the university (Table 3.3) and to form the necessary professional and life competencies (Soft Skills). Because, the normative requirements to the professional competencies of many specialties of the university do not require students to have a high level of visually effective thinking, the ability to three – dimensional analysis, the operation of spatial images.

A comparison of cognitive-intellectual and emotional-intellectual portraits of our first-year students shows that against the background of high potential cognitive characteristics, students have insufficient development of self-motivation and management of their emotions. This shortcoming can hinder the successful mastery of specialties.

As for a successful professional career, most students have great cognitive potential, but only 4 % of them know how to control their emotions. Thus, only they have a real chance to achieve significant success in the profession.

However, of course, our first-year students have four years to develop the ability to manage their emotions, increase the ability to recognize the emotions of their colleagues, increase self-motivation. Therefore, one of the main tasks of the university is to help its students to form such an emotional and intellectual portrait that will ensure their successful future. Only the development of emotional intelligence on the basis of significant cognitive potential can ensure a successful career!

An intellectual portrait of a student would be incomplete without an assessment of its creative component. The study was conducted with first-year students from the same sample as for the components of IQ. The technique of creativity of E. Torrens which diagnoses creative abilities was used. E. Torrens test – most often used in psychological practice as a standardized tool for measuring creative thinking. The test allowed to evaluate some creative abilities such as: flexibility and originality. The results for 2018 are presented in [18].

We will proceed from the following definitions – «Creativity is the ability to find unexpected, non-standard, original ways of solving problems of various kinds».

Creativity increases adaptive capacity in everyday situations, especially in cases where the usual methods of action are ineffective. It is necessary to make breakthroughs and discoveries, to achieve a qualitatively different level compared to existing standards in educational and professional activities.

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