Emotional intelligence, of course, plays an important role in the formation of personality, both at the stage of learning and further professional activity. However, underestimating the role of cognitive abilities will be a significant error. The natural abilities possessed by a person should be a reference point at the stage of early career guidance. Some areas of professional activity require special abilities, without which it is impossible to achieve career success.
For example, it is difficult to imagine a successful builder, architect, aircraft designer, engineer with low performance of such components as spatial imagination, spatial generalization, analogies, numerical series!
Although cognitive abilities alone do not guarantee success in professional activities, their presence is required at the level of average and above average scores. This is especially true of professions such as those listed above.
Above average IQs characterize individuals who are successful in business. According to the results of research presented in , professionals, marketers, managers, technicians holding senior positions in the world’s leading companies have an integrated IQ value of 120 points and above.
Consider the student community of Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics where specialists of all levels are trained from bachelors to doctors of sciences in 22 specialties from 12 branches of knowledge presented in Table 3.3.