3.1 Defining the emotional and intellectual portrait of students

Each person’s ability to empathize is closely linked to their ability to recognize other people’s emotions. This is an axiom, because it is impossible to imagine a situation when a person who does not know how to appreciate the experience of another will begin to empathize! Why does its sympathize?

5. Recognition  of             other       people’s  emotions and          the           art           of            social      interaction.             Building interpersonal relationships requires the use of non-verbal information to decipher the emotions of other team members, self-control skills and, of course, the ability to demonstrate their emotions!

In any communication, we generate emotional signals that the interlocutors receive. The level of social skill of a person is determined by a dual ability. First, it must have the ability to recognize the emotions of other people, and secondly – the ability to form adequate own emotions with confident control of the signals it sends to others.

Among first-year students of the university only 13.5–22 % of students have high marks for this component of EI. While the percentage of students with a critically low level of recognition of other people’s emotions according to research is in the range from 7.2 % to 10.4 %.

However, the positive fact is that during the period from 2017 to 2021 there is a reduction in the number of students with a total low level («critically low»+«low») by 4 % (42–38 %) (Table 3.1 and diagrams Fig. 3.5).

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