2.1 Quantitative analysis of vacancies by specialties and educational programs in the regional labor market

The annual weighted average percentage of vacancies that do not require work experience in all specialties and their groups have a steady downward trend. If in 2016 the percentage of such vacancies was 23.2 %, in 2021 it was 20.2 %. In addition, there is a significant reduction in the annual weighted average percentage of vacancies that require work experience of three years or more. In 2016, this percentage was 32.5 %, while in 2021 it decreased to 29.5 %.

Thus, there is a tendency to reduce the percentage of vacancies that do not require work experience and the percentage of vacancies that require work experience of three years or more. In advertisements, when determining the parameter «b» from the vacancy formula Vi{a, b, c, d, e}, the requirement of work experience for 1–2 years is quite common. The percentage of such vacancies increased from 44.3 % in 2016 to 50.3 % in 2021.

The specialty «accounting and auditing» and the educational program «business economics» fall out of this generalized trend. For such specialists, the percentage of vacancies with more than three years of work experience increases from year to year, while the number of vacancies without work experience decreases.

In general, it can be argued that a significant competitive advantage of the applicant for a vacancy is work experience and a strong practical component in the curricula of the relevant HEI. A real way to ensure the success of graduates in the labor market is the introduction of distance learning. In [17] the analysis of domestic experience of introduction of this form and longterm experience of Germany in this sphere is carried out. The following conclusion is made: «Thus, there is no dual system yet, and DS is defined as a form of education, which does not limit it to the need of establishing HEEs specialized in dual studies etc. Ukraine is creating its mechanism of dual studies. The author’s questionnaire survey on the results of the first year of the experiment of the MES on the introduction of the dual studies showed that Ukraine could successfully adapt German best practices if a flexible approach is applied. Though some significant elements of the dual studies as a system are missing, the launch may be considered effective based on the cases of in-depth cooperation of HEEs and companies that meet the philosophy of dual studies and the national legislative requirements to the DS».

The analysis allows to draw a reasonable conclusion about the urgent need to transform the work of the university in the direction of strengthening the practical component of the educational process. This work should be organized in such a way that graduates have the opportunity to obtain a certificate of practical work in the specialty. This can be organized within all types of practice in agreement with the relevant organizations and with the help of reputable international distance learning platforms.

In order to assess the real volume of the labor market, the management of HEIs needs to study not only the demand for specialists in a particular specialty, with a particular work experience, but also to determine the required level of education from the point of view of employers.

Parameter «a» from the vacancy formula Vi{a, b, c, d, e}.

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